The Cenotaph, effectively the United Kingdom's World War I memorial, is located at Whitehall in London close to the Prime Minister's residence at 10 Downing Street.
|Unveiling Ceremony, 11 November 1920|
The monument was originally built after the war as a temporary structure made out of plaster and wood. It was erected for a parade in London held in July 1919 to celebrate the signing of the official peace treaty. It was called the Cenotaph ("empty tomb") and was designed by Edwin Lutyens. The monument was so popular that this permanent version was built in 1920.
|Queen Elizabeth II Lays a Wreath at the Cenotaph, Remembrance Sunday 2009|
An annual Service of Remembrance is held at the site on Remembrance Sunday, the closest Sunday to 11 November (Armistice Day) each year. Lutyens' cenotaph design has been reproduced elsewhere in the UK and in other countries including Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Bermuda, and Hong Kong.