|Click on Image to Enlarge|
Field punishment was introduced into the British Army in 1881 following the abolition of flogging. It was a common punishment during World War I when commanders could impose what were called Field Punishments No. 1 and 2. Field Punishment No. 1, nicknamed “crucifixion” by the soldiers, entailed labor duties and attachment to a fixed object such as a post or wheel for two hours a day. Soldiers viewed Field Punishment No. 1 as particularly degrading. Rendered immobile by their restraints, soldiers could not move or scratch against common irritants such as flies or lice. Field Punishment No. 2 differed only in that the soldier was not bound to a fixed object. During World War I, Field Punishment No. 1 was issued by the British Army on 60,210 occasions. Field Punishment No. 1 was abolished in 1923 when an amendment to the Army Act which specifically forbade attachment to a fixed object was passed by the House of Lords.
Sources: Canadian War Museum, Wikipedia