1. Battle of Haelen, 12 August 1914
First large cavalry action of the war, in which a Belgian cavalry division defeated multiple charges of the advancing German cavalry corps by dismounting and massing their rifle fire.
2. Battle of the Jardar River, 16–20 August 1914
After helping start a European war to punish Serbia, Austria's initial invasion was defeated after suffering 40,000 casualties. Poor coordination by the attackers was a precursor to worse
problems for them.
|Turkish Soldiers in Winter Gear|
3. Battle of Sarikamish, 22 December 1914 – 17 January 1915
A disaster followed for Turkey when Enver Pasha attempted a move against the Russian Empire through the Caucasus. Outnumbered and poorly coordinated, his troops suffered tremendous casualties from the enemy and the winter weather.
4. Cuxhaven Raid, 25 December 1914
The Royal Navy's sea-launched assault on the zeppelin sheds at Cuxhaven is considered history's first carrier-based air strike.
|Gen. Jan Smuts|
5. Battle of Otavi, 1–9 July 1915
Final battle of the South African campaign to capture the German colony of Southwest Africa (Sudwestafrika). The decisive victory was led by Louis Botha and Jan Smuts.
6. Battle of Naroch Lake, 18–21 March 1916
Answering a call from the Allies for offensive action in the east to take the pressure off Verdun, Russia launched a poorly organized assault in the northern sector of the Eastern Front that used outdated assault tactics and set the stage for the Brusilov Offensive.
7. Battle of Ortigara, 10–19 June, 1917
In a determined offensive on the Trentino Plateau, Italian forces briefly seized strategic Monte Ortigara. It was quickly retaken by the Austrians in the bloodiest Alpine fighting of the war.
8. Battle of Romani, 3–5 August 1917
In August 1915 Turkish forces made a second attempt to seize the Suez Canal. They were defeated by a combined British, New Zealand, and Australian force.
|Canadian Charge at Moreuil Wood|
9. Battle of Moreuil Wood, 30 March 1918
It was a Canadian cavalry force that finally halted the great advance made by German forces during their first great spring "Ludendorff" offensive of 1918. The Central Powers alliance had begun disintegrating.
10. Battle of Frapelle, 17–20 August 1918
In the only large-scale operation in the Vosges mountains after 1915, the U.S. 5th Division captured the advantageously positioned village of Frapelle and held it despite counterattacks.
11. Battle of the Vardar, 15–29 September 1918
The decisive battle on the Salonika Front, Vardar knocked Bulgaria out of the war and exposed the Austro-Hungarian southeast front.