Now all roads lead to France and heavy is the tread
Of the living; but the dead returning lightly dance.
Edward Thomas, Roads

Sunday, December 6, 2020

Recommended: General Pershing's Arrival in New York, New York: 19 September 1919


General Pershing Greeted at Central Park

Presented at American Past, 9 November 2015

By Jenny Tompson

[This has a terrific amount of little-seen photos and illustrations and a lot of interesting detail.  Here's a bit to get you started. MH]

"The Heart of New York goes out to you," wrote mayor John F. Hylan in an "air letter" to General John J. Pershing (1860–1948) on 7 September 1919. The letter was dispatched from Manhattan by hydroplane and dropped aboard the SS Leviathan during its final days at sea. The ship was bringing the general home.

General Pershing had commanded the American Expeditionary Forces in France during World War I. He left the United States in June 1917, just months after the U.S. declared war against Germany on 6 April 1917. He would not return for more than two years.

Just months after the signing of the treaties that officially ended the war in June 1919—and after the numerous celebrations honoring Pershing that were held in France and England—Pershing sailed from Europe on the Leviathan, (a German ship seized by the U.S. in 1917). The troop ship had crossed the Atlantic many times during the war, transporting a large share of the more than two million American soldiers who would eventually serve in France. The ship's last voyage was the one that brought Pershing home, arriving in New York harbor in the early morning of 9 September 1919.

Millions of "loyal citizens of the great metropolis of the world," Hylan wrote to the general, "eagerly and impatiently await the opportunity to give their plaudits to the man through whose instrumentality the magnificent achievements of our armies were made possible."

The city was beside itself with excitement to welcome the valorous general back on American soil.

Continue to the full article by clicking HERE


  1. That's a rich article. Thank you for sharing it.

  2. Dec. 7th 2020
    Ahhhh ... Thank you. I did discover I can navigate more than I thought.
    Complexities of the site and my general computer minimal skills.
    Although I am usually overly detailed like Pershing (G. G. Uncle) I have a bad memory.
    Enjoy your site. Also I READ ... 'understandable 'science'.
    Male evolution and war are closely allied.
    Will keep exploring. How could the Germans be fooled by Hitler.
    A screaming 'madman'?