Now all roads lead to France and heavy is the tread
Of the living; but the dead returning lightly dance.
Edward Thomas, Roads

Monday, March 16, 2015

Technology and the March to War: Major Inventions and Discoveries in the Century before the Great War

1819
First transatlantic steamship: the Savannah

1836
Samuel Colt patents the revolver pistol


Colt's Original Revolver


1840s
Multiple sources develop rifled artillery

1844
Samuel Morse sends his famous first telegraph message, "What hath God wrought?"

1846
Lock-stitch sewing machine (cousin of the machine gun) is invented

1851
Mitrailleuse, rapid firing shooter, developed by Belgian Army ten years before U.S. Gatling gun

1860 
First combustion engine

1860
Henry lever-action repeating rifle patented in U.S.

1864
Submarine CSS Hunley attacks Union blockade ship


Model of USS Hunley 

1866
Alfred Nobel manufactures first dynamite

1866
Transatlantic telegraph cable operational

1874
Joseph Glidden awarded patent for barbed wire

1875
John Holland submits first submarine design to U.S. Navy

1876
Alexander Graham Bell demonstrates the telephone

1884
Hiram Maxim perfects his machine gun


Hiram Maxim with His Invention

1885
Benz and Daimler build a single-cylinder automobile based on internal combustion engine

1889
Cordite, a smokeless gunpowder, invented

1893 
Diesel engine invented 


100th Anniversary Commemorative Stamp for Rudolf Diesel's Birth

1895 
Marconi presents the wireless

1897
First aluminum rigid airship flies in Germany (first zeppelin—1900)

1898
French 75 adopted by French Army

1901
German Navy develops plans for first submarine, U-1

1903
Wright Brothers first powered flight at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina

1905
Keel for HMS Dreadnought laid


A Visitor Inspecting the HMS Dreadnought

1914
Henry Ford introduces assembly line for Model T Fords

12 comments:

  1. You can also make argument for the beginning of trench warfare in 1860s particularly at Petersburg, Virginia

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  2. It's also worth remembering the medical "technologies" such as blood transfusions....

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