Now all roads lead to France and heavy is the tread
Of the living; but the dead returning lightly dance.
Edward Thomas, Roads

Sunday, April 1, 2018

Austria-Hungary: Still Growing As It Was Dying

Contrary to  popular assumptions, the Austro-Hungarian Empire was still growing in 1918.

Dark Purple Area Ceded to Austria-Hungary by Romania

The last territorial change within the Austro-Hungarian Dual Monarchy took place in the last year of the First World War. In May 1918, the Dual Monarchy signed a peace treaty with Romania in Bucharest. As a result, an area of 5,636 km  was annexed to the empire (a strip with a width of 3–16 square kilometers at the eastern and southern feet of the Carpathian Mountains and at the eastern border of Bukovina). These territorial changes can be explained by the intention of providing improved conditions for guarding the empire’s borders. By annexing Bosnia and Herzegovina, the empire’s very long borders originally running through Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia got considerably—by hundreds of kilometers—shortened. The terms of the Peace Treaty of Bucharest also included the establishment of a better defense system in the Carpathian region.

Source: "Was Austria-Hungary a Great Power,"  Mihály Miklós NAGY – László GULYÁS

1 comment:

  1. Well, yes. Romania kicked off its WWI by invading Austria-Hungary, only to get stomped by Germans and Bulgarians.

    Also, we forget that in some crucial ways the Central Powers were riding high in early 1918: shattering the Italian army, staving off attacks on the western front, and, above all, by utterly defeating the Russian empire and setting up a vast settlement with the infant Soviet regime.