Now all roads lead to France and heavy is the tread
Of the living; but the dead returning lightly dance.
Edward Thomas, Roads

Friday, August 30, 2013

The Centennial at the Grass Roots Series
The World War I
Memorial Inventory Project, Part One

Introducing the World War I
Memorial Inventory Project, Part I

Hundreds, maybe thousands, of communities in America have World War I monuments. Often these are the focal points of November 11th events, but just as often they are neglected. Mark Levitch of the World War Memorial Inventory Project plans to help maximize the first case and correct the matter of neglect. Tomorrow Mark will describe his plans to make this come to pass, and we will leave that to him. However, he has made available to us an amazing collage poster with images of some of the memorials he has already cataloged. It's so large I've had to break it into four parts. Below are thumbnails of each quadrant of the poster, just click on them and you will see the full images in all their glory. We hope you will read Mark's project description tomorrow and step up with him in this important effort.

Click on Image to Expand

Memorial Inventory Poster, Section 1 of 4

Key: Sequence Reads  from  Left to Right, Top to Bottom 

  • Liberty Memorial, Kansas City, Missouri (site dedication 1921; memorial dedication 1926). H. Van Buren Magonigle, architect.
  • Soldiers Memorial Gate, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island (1921). Charles A. Coolidge, architect.
  • The Pagoda, Memory Grove, Salt Lake City, Utah (c. 1924; urn added 1932). Slack Winburn, architect.
  • World War Memorial Stadium, Greensboro, North Carolina (1926). Leonard White, Jr. and Harry Barton, architects.
  • . Elk on the Trail, Whitcomb Summit, Florida, Massachusetts (1923). Eli Harvey, sculptor (1923 cast of a 1904 sculpture).
  • Seventh Regiment New York (107th Infantry) Memorial, New York, New York (1927). Karl Illava, sculptor.
  • Eddie Grant Memorial, Polo Grounds, New York, New York (dedicated 1921).
  • Polar Bear Monument, White Chapel Cemetery, Troy, Michigan (1930). Leon Hermant, sculptor.
  • The Doughboy, Overton Park, Memphis, Tennessee (1926). Nancy Coonsman Hahn, sculptor.
  • World War Memorial Cenotaph, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut (1927). Thomas Hastings and Everett V. Meeks, designers.
  • Memorial Bridge connecting Portsmouth, New Hampshire and Kittery, Maine (1923; demolished 2012). J.A.L. Waddell and Shortridge Hardesty, designers.
  • Victory Arch, Newport News, Virginia (1919; rebuilt 1962).
  • Spirit of the American Doughboy, Chambersburg, Pennsylvania (1923). E.M. Viquesney, sculptor.
  • War Memorial Stadium, University of Texas, Austin, Texas (1924). Herbert M. Greene, architect.
  • Hackensack War Monument, Hackensack, New Jersey (1924). Charles Henry Niehaus, sculptor.
  • Soldiers Monument, Pleasant Hill, California (1927). Clifford S. Wight, designer; Ward Montague and Ralph Stackpole, sculptors.

  • Click on Image to Expand

    Memorial Inventory Poster, Section 2 of 4

    Key: Sequence Reads  from  Left to Right, Top to Bottom

  • The Aviator (In Memory of Lt. Louis Bennett, Jr.), Linsly School, Wheeling, West Virginia (1924). Augustus Lukeman, sculptor.
  • Spiritualized Life, Jacksonville, Florida (1924). Charles Adrian Pillars, sculptor.
  • Stonehenge Memorial (Klickitat County World War Memorial), Maryhill, Washington (dedicated 1918; completed 1929).
  • Elks National Memorial Headquarters, Chicago, Illinois (cornerstone 1924; dedicated 1926). Egerton Swartwout, architect.
  • . Waikiki War Memorial Natatorium, Honolulu, Hawaii (1927). Lewis P. Hobart, architect.
  • Ashley River Memorial Bridge, Charleston, South Carolina (dedicated 1926). Engineer unknown.
  • Memory, Sherborn, Massachusetts (1924). William Ware Dinsmore, architect; Cyrus Edwin Dallin, sculptor.
  • Joan of Arc, Laurelhurst, Portland, Oregon (1925). Emmanuel Frémiet, sculptor (posthumous cast).
  • Massachusetts Veterans War Memorial Tower, Mount Greylock, Adams, Massachusetts (1933). Maginnis & Walsh, architects.
  • District of Columbia World War Memorial, West Potomac Park, Washington, DC (dedicated 1931). Frederick H. Brooke, architect.
  • War Dog Memorial, Hartsdale Pet Cemetery, Hartsdale, New York (1923). Robert Caterson, sculptor.
  • Death and Victory, Widener Library, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (1922). John Singer Sargent, artist.
  • Memorial Library, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware (groundbreaking 1923; cornerstone 1924; dedicated 1925). Day & Klauder, architects.
  • First Division Monument, Washington, DC (1924). Cass Gilbert, architect; Daniel Chester French, sculptor.
  • Victory Arch, New Orleans, Louisiana (1919). Charles L. Lawhon, architect; Albert Weiblen, builder.
  • World War Memorial Flagpole, New Haven, Connecticut (1928). Douglas Orr, architect.

  • Click on Image to Expand

    Memorial Inventory Poster, Section 3 of 4

    Key: Sequence Reads  from  Left to Right, Top to Bottom

  • War Memorial Building, Baltimore, Maryland (groundbreaking 1921; cornerstone 1923; dedicated 1925). Laurence Hall Fowler, architect.
  • Jasper County World War Memorial, Rensellaer, Indiana (1927). Fabricator unknown.
  • DuPage County World War Memorial, Hines, Illinois (1931). Eternal City Monument Works, fabricator.
  • St. Joseph Memorial Chapel, Holy Cross College, Worcester Massachusetts (1924). Maginnis & Walsh, architects.
  • Spirit of Youth, Nashville, Tennessee (1929). Belle Kinney, sculptor.
  • World War I Doughboy Monument, Elkton, Maryland (1921). Sculptor unknown.
  • Memorial Cross, University of the South, Sewanee, Tennessee (1922).
  • Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, Los Angeles, California (groundbreaking 1921; dedicated 1923). John and Donald Parkinson, architects.
  • Victory Memorial Bridge (Glendale-Hyperion Bridge), Los Angeles, California (1930). Merrill Butler, designer.
  • Stained Glass Honor Roll, First United Methodist Church, Winterset, Iowa (c. 1920). Artist unknown.
  • Memorial Union, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri (1926). Jamieson and Spearl, architects.
  • Memorial Hall, Racine, Wisconsin (1925). Howard Van Dorren Shaw, architect.
  • World War Memorial, New Britain, Connecticut (1927). H. Van Buren Magonigle, architect.
  • Victory Fountain, Long Beach, California (1926).
  • Indiana World War Memorial Building, Indianapolis, Indiana (cornerstone 1927; dedicated 1933). Walker and Weeks, architects.

  • Click on Image to Expand

    Memorial Inventory Poster, Section 4 of 4

    Key: Sequence Reads  from  Left to Right, Top to Bottom

  • World War Monument, Providence, Rhode Island (groundbreaking 1927; dedicated 1929). Paul Cret, architect; Paul Jennewein, sculptor.
  • Liberty Memorial High School, Lawrence, Kansas (cornerstone 1922; dedicated 1923). Raymond Ittner, architect.
  • Virginia War Memorial Carillon, Richmond, Virginia (1932). Ralph Adams Cram, architect.
  • Vision of Peace (Indian God of Peace), Saint Paul City Hall and Ramsey County Courthouse, Saint Paul, Minnesota (1936). Carl Milles, sculptor.
  • Sacramento Memorial Auditorium, Sacramento, California (dedicated 1927). James S. Dean, Arthur Brown, Jr., and G. Albert Landsburgh, architects.
  • High Point War Memorial, High Point Park, New Jersey (dedicated 1930). Hoffman Construction Company, builders.
  • World War Memorial Clock Tower, University of Detroit Mercy, Detroit, Michigan (1927). Malsomson & Higgenbothom, architects.
  • Soldiers and Sailors Monument, Toronto, Ohio (1919). Giuseppe Moretti, sculptor.
  • Foresters Memorial Fountain, Golden Gate Park, San Francisco, California (1927).
  • Gold Star Monument, Nashville, Tennessee (1922). George Zolnay, sculptor.
  • Victory Monument, Danville, Illinois (1922). Lorado Taft, sculptor.
  • Pro Patria, Oklahoma State Capitol, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (1928). Thomas Gilbert White, artist.
  • Victory Monument, Chicago, Illinois (shaft with reliefs 1927; sculpture added 1936). John A. Nyden, architect; Leonard Crunelle, sculptor.
  • Victory Highway Marker, Topeka, Kansas (1923). Dr. Thomas Roberts, casting consultant.


    1. I applaud this effort. But every little town across America has a monument to the Great War. I'd often stop and look at them in my travels across the country. Usually in the town square or in front of the VFW, with a small tank or artillery piece. Then they expanded them when we started numbering our World Wars.

    2. The arched bridge over the West Branch of the Susquehanna River
      at Watsontown, Pa., is name the Nurse Helen Fairchild Memorial Bridge. It
      honors US Army Reserve Nurse who served with Pennsylvania Base Hospital
      10 in France 1917-1918. She was a surgical who went to the Front at Third
      Battle of Passchendaele-Ypres, and died February 25, 1918, from her work
      at the Front, so wrote her chaplain.
      She was my aunt, and is now recognized for her letters from that time.
      Nelle Fairchild Rote

    3. We will be featuring Nurse Helen Fairchild soon as part our "Remembering a Veteran" Series.


    4. Great, great project. I am often disappointed in the recognition of WWI memorials. Thank you for your efforts.
      Waldena Hendrix

    5. We salute this outstanding work.
      Is there anyway we can assist?

      1. Hi Stan, I hope you will check the entry for 31 August. Mark Levitch gives more information on his program and there is a website listed through which you can connect with him.


    6. You are welcome to use our website, The Viquesney Doughboy Database, as a resource. The site contains all known locations of Viquesney's "Spirit of the American Doughboy" statues.

      See also The Historical Marker Database, WWI monuments.
      See also categories for WWI monuments and Spirit of the Doughboy categories.
      See also Private Donald B, Conrad's Guide to WWI monuments and memorials.
      See also the Smithsonian American Art Museum's Inventory of American Sculpture.

    7. thank you so much for undertaking this huge and yet incredibly important project... I have for years taken images of WWI monuments, many in Canada, and have often wondered if there ever was going to be a one stop for them... thanx again

    8. There is a WW I memorial in Piedmont, California. It was between the Sweet Shop and the streetcar stop, when I was in high school.